Execution of the court decision in Poland
Conditions for recognition and enforcement of a court decision:
- the court decision entered into force and is subject to execution;
- the case is not related to the exclusive competence of the court or body of another country;
- the party to the case had the opportunity to protect their rights legitimate interests;
- a similar court decision was not made in another country in a court case and the decision of such a court or body was not recognized and executed;
when a court decision was issued where it was necessary to apply the legislation of another country, such a law was applied and this law does not differ from the law of the country whose legislation was to be applied.
Cases referred to the exclusive competence of the Polish court:
- family disputes between Polish citizens who reside permanently on the territory of Poland, recognizing as incapable persons of Polish citizens;
- adoption, provided that the adoptive parents of a Polish citizen are Polish citizens who permanently reside in Poland;
- disputes over rights to real estate located in Poland and property;
- liquidation and termination of firms and organizations that are not legal entities, if they are located on the territory of Poland;
- enforcement proceedings, when it is carried out in Poland and more.
An application for recognition and execution of a foreign court or authority decision, as well as an application for issuance of a writ of execution, is filed with the General Court of Poland or the District Court in Warsaw, where such a decision must be recognized and executed.